The Dark Side of Herbicides: Health Hazards and Their Implications

The Dark Side of Herbicides: Health Hazards and Their Implications

Herbicides, widely used to control weeds and promote agricultural productivity, have long been hailed for their effectiveness in maintaining crop yields and landscaping aesthetics. However, behind their seemingly beneficial attributes lies a dark side marked by potential health hazards and far-reaching implications. 

Glyphosate, the primary active ingredient found in numerous herbicides, has been in use for nearly five decades. These weedkillers are used on almost half of the cultivated acres dedicated to corn and soybeans across the United States. Additionally, glyphosate-based herbicides are applied to farmland of wheat, oats, fruits, and cotton. 

An analysis conducted by NBC News, which examined the 2019 agricultural glyphosate usage data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), revealed that around 130 pounds of glyphosate herbicides were sprinkled per square mile within U.S. counties.

This article delves into the adverse health effects of herbicides, shedding light on the risks they pose to human health and the environment.

The Rise of Herbicides

Over the years, the demand for increased food production, efficient weed management, and aesthetically pleasing landscapes has fueled the widespread use of herbicides. These chemical formulations, designed to target specific types of plants or weeds, offer convenience and effectiveness in weed control, resulting in improved crop yields and visually appealing surroundings. 

Currently, there is an increasing trend in the use of herbicides to enhance agricultural output by eliminating undesired weeds and plants during the cultivation process. According to recent data, the global herbicides market was valued at USD 31.7 Billion in 2022. 

Looking ahead, IMARC Group estimates that the market will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.06% from 2023 to 2028, reaching a projected value of USD 40.8 Billion by 2028.

However, the surge in herbicide use has also raised concerns about the potential consequences for human health and the environment. As herbicides continue to be an integral part of modern agriculture and weed management practices, it becomes essential to carefully examine their impact, implement responsible usage guidelines, and explore sustainable alternatives to minimize their adverse effects.

Herbicide’s Impact on Human Health

Herbicide exposure can have significant consequences for human health, affecting individuals both directly and indirectly. Direct contact with herbicides can lead to skin irritations, eye problems, respiratory issues, and even more severe acute toxicity symptoms. However, indirect exposure is equally concerning, as herbicides can contaminate food and water sources, posing risks to consumers. 

Farmers and workers in agricultural industries face heightened exposure risks due to their direct handling and application of herbicides. They may experience chronic health effects from long-term exposure, such as increased cancer risk, reproductive disorders, and endocrine disruption. 

Additionally, according to recent findings from the UC Berkeley School of Public Health, a study reveals a correlation between childhood exposure to glyphosate, the most commonly used herbicide globally, and the development of liver inflammation and metabolic disorders in early adulthood. These health issues, if left unaddressed, could potentially contribute to the onset of conditions such as liver cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease later in life. 

The research further indicates that individuals who lived near agricultural areas where glyphosate was used from birth until the age of five exhibited an increased likelihood of experiencing metabolic disorders by the age of 18.

Herbicide’s Impacts on the Environment

The impact of herbicides extends beyond human health, encompassing broader environmental consequences that are cause for concern. Herbicide use can lead to soil degradation, as these chemicals can deplete soil nutrients, disrupt microbial communities, and impair soil structure, affecting long-term agricultural productivity. 

Water pollution is another significant concern, as herbicides can contaminate water sources through runoff, potentially affecting drinking water supplies and aquatic ecosystems. Additionally, herbicides can harm non-target plants and animals, disrupting ecological balance and biodiversity. 

The loss of beneficial plant species and the potential for herbicide-resistant weeds can further exacerbate the environmental impact.

Case Study of the Roundup Lawsuit

The Roundup Lawsuit has gained significant attention as a prominent case study highlighting the controversy surrounding the herbicide’s active ingredient, glyphosate. Allegations have emerged claiming that exposure to Roundup, a widely used herbicide containing glyphosate, has increased cancer risk, particularly non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. 

This has sparked a legal battle between the plaintiffs, who argue that the product caused their illnesses, and Monsanto, the original manufacturer of Roundup (now owned by Bayer). The litigation has resulted in substantial Roundup lawsuit payouts and settlement amounts.

According to TorHoerman Law, the majority of legal cases related to Roundup have reached settlements as part of the $11 billion agreement in 2020. However, lawyers are still open to representing new clients for ongoing litigation. The settlement agreement allocated $9.6 billion for existing claims and an additional $1.25 billion to address future lawsuits concerning Roundup.

These settlements and verdicts have not only raised public awareness but also prompted discussions on the safety of glyphosate-based herbicides and the responsibility of manufacturers in ensuring consumer safety.

The Future of Herbicides

Looking ahead, the future of herbicides holds promising possibilities for a more sustainable and health-conscious landscape. Recognizing the concerns surrounding current herbicide use, there is growing momentum toward developing and adopting more environmentally friendly alternatives. 

The shift towards sustainable agriculture practices, integrated pest management systems, and precision farming techniques aim to reduce reliance on harmful herbicides. Ongoing research and innovation in the field of herbicides focus on developing safer formulations with reduced toxicity and environmental impact. 


As we have explored the dark side of herbicides, it becomes evident that their widespread application can pose significant risks to human health and the environment. The high-profile Roundup Lawsuit serves as a stark reminder of the potential consequences of exposure to glyphosate and underscores the need for increased scrutiny and regulation. 

However, the future outlook offers hope for a more sustainable and responsible approach. With a shift towards safer and less harmful alternatives, ongoing research on improved formulations, and a growing emphasis on sustainable agricultural practices, we can minimize the risks associated with herbicides.